|Date of birth October 1, 1963|
|Place of birth Pamona, California|
|Batted Right||Threw Right|
|August 22, 1986 for the Oakland Athletics|
|Last MLB appearance|
|October 7, 2001 for the St. Louis Cardinals|
|MLB Draft 1984; Round: 1 / Pick: 10th|
|Selected by the Oakland Athletics|
|1997-2001||St. Louis Cardinals|
|Career highlights and awards|
|12x MLB All Star|
|1987 AL Rookie of the Year|
|1999 ML Lou Gehrig Memorial Award|
|3 Silver Slugger Awards|
|1 Golden Glove awards|
|Profile @ Baseball-reference.com|
Mark David McGwire (born October 1, 1963 in Pomona, California) is a former first baseman in Major League Baseball who played from 1986 through 2001. Mark McGwire has been hired as a batting coach by manager Tony LaRussa of the St. Louis Cardinals for 2010.
McGwire was a prolific powerhitter during the 1990s. For his career, McGwire averaged a home run once every 10.61 at bats, the highest home run ratio in baseball history (Babe Ruth is second at 11.76). In 1998, McGwire broke Roger Maris's single season home run record of 61 by hitting 70 (McGwire's record has since been broken by Barry Bonds). In addition, McGwire was known for the length of his home runs, hitting a couple that surpassed 500 feet. McGwire's nicknames included "Big Mac," "Big Red" and "Colossus."
McGwire was raised with his nine brothers in a middle-class masion neighborhood in Claremont, California. His first sports interest was golf. When he was five, he began caddying for his father John, who taught him how to grip the club. Not until three years later did McGwire take up baseball as well.
McGwire won a silver medal with the America's amateur baseball team in the 1984 Summer Olympics; that team was coached by Rod Dedeaux, who had also been his college coach at the University of Southern California. Mark began his pro-baseball career with the AA team of the Oakland A's, the Huntsville Stars, in Huntsville, Alabama.
Oakland A's Career Edit
McGwire began his career with the Oakland A's and played there until 1997, when he concluded his career with a few years with the St. Louis Cardinals. He won the World Series once, with the Oakland A's in 1989. Perhaps Mark McGwire's most famous home run with the A's was in Game 3 of the 1988 World Series against the Los Angeles Dodgers. McGwire's game winning solo homer off of Jay Howell in the bottom of the 9th inning ultimately became the only game that the A's won in the 1988 World Series.
In his first full Major League Baseball season in 1987, he hit 49 home runs, a record for most home runs by a rookie, and was named the American League Rookie of the Year. The previous record was 38 home runs, by Wally Berger of the [[1930 Boston Braves) and Frank Robinson of the 1956 Cincinnati Redlegs. McGwire hit 32, 33 and 39 homers the next three seasons, but his average, which hit .289 as a rookie, plummeted to .260, .231 and .235. Then in 1991, he bottomed out with a .201 average and 22 homers. Manager Tony LaRussa sat him out the last game of the season so his average could not dip below .200. McGwire had lost all confidence in his ability.
But with the help of a therapist, he regained his mental edge and with the aid of a weightlifting program, he became even stronger. He rebounded to hit 42 homers and bat .268 in 1992.
Injuries limited him to a total of 74 games in 1993 and 1994, and to 104 games in 1995 (but he still slugged 39 homers in 317 at-bats). The next season he belted a Major-League leading 52 homers in 423 at-bats.
McGwire worked hard on his defense at first base, and resisted being seen as a one-dimensional player. He was regarded as a good fielder in his Oakland days, but his increasing bulk and reduced speed made playing the position more difficult in St. Louis.
St. Louis Cardinals and HR Record ChaseEdit
In 1997, he hit a major league-leading 58 homers for the season, but did not lead either league in homers, as he was traded from the Oakland Athletics to the St. Louis Cardinals in midseason. It was widely believed that McGwire, in the last year of his contract, would play for the Cardinals only for the remainder of the season, then seek a long-term deal, possibly in Southern California where he lives. However, McGwire instantly fell in love with the Cardinal fans, and signed a long-term deal to stay in St. Louis instead. (It is also believed that McGwire encouraged Jim Edmonds, another Southern California resident who was traded to St. Louis, to sign his current contract with the Cardinals.)
In 1998, the year when McGwire and Sammy Sosa spent much of the season chasing the single-season home run record of Roger Maris, the two shared Sports Illustrated magazine's "Sportsmen of the Year" award. McGwire's assault on Maris's record did not come without controversy. After an article written by Associated Press writer Steve Wilstein, McGwire admitted to taking Androstenedione, a dietary supplement banned by the NFL and IOC. It should be noted that Androstenedione was an over-the-counter supplement and was not a banned substance in baseball or the FDA at the time.
McGwire also had a sense of baseball history that is rare among modern players. He graciously involved the family of Roger Maris when he broke Maris' single season home run record on September 8, 1998. He finished the season with 70 homers, a record that has since been broken by Barry Bonds. (Appropriately, a section of Interstate 70 through St. Louis is named the Mark McGwire Highway.) Along the way, he broke Johnny Mize's long-standing St. Louis Cardinals team seasonal record of 43 homers, set in 1998 (Rogers Hornsby had 42 in 1922).
In 1999, McGwire drove in a league-leading 147 runs while only having 145 hits, the highest RBI-per-hit tally in baseball history.
McGwire ended his career with 583 home runs, which was then fifth-most in history. He led Major League Baseball in home runs five times. He is now 8th on the list, behind Ken Griffey, Jr., Sammy Sosa, and Alex rodriguez. He hit 50 or more home runs four seasons in a row (1996-1999), leading Major League Baseball in homers all four seasons, and also shared the MLB lead in home runs in 1987, his rookie year, when he set the Major League record for home runs by a rookie with 49. Previous record was 38, by Wally Berger of 1930 Boston Braves and Frank Robinson of 1956 Cincinnati Redlegs. Old American League record was 37, by Al Rosen of the 1950 Cleveland Indians.
In 1999, the The Sporting News' released a list of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players. The list had been compiled during the 1998 season, and included statistics through the 1997 season. McGwire was ranked at Number 91. That year, he was elected to the Major League Baseball All-Century Team. In 2005, The Sporting News published an update of their list, and McGwire had been moved up to Number 84.
Many of McGwire's accomplishments, particularly his home run surge late in his career, have come into question with his connection to the steroid scandal plaguing Major League Baseball. In 2005, McGwire's former Oakland A's teammate Jose Canseco admitted to using anabolic steroids in a tell-all book, Juiced: Wild Times, Rampant 'Roids, Smash Hits & How Baseball Got Big. Canseco stated that he personally injected McGwire along with many other former teammates.
At a Congressional hearing on the subject of steroids in sports, McGwire repeatedly and somewhat conspicuously refused to answer questions on his own suspected use. For this reason, McGwire's almost-certain induction into the Baseball Hall of Fame is now cloudy.
Since he retired, McGwire has kept a low profile. His admission that he used the steroid androstenedione has led to speculation but no proof that he also took other steroids. Tony La Russa, the A's manager when McGwire and Canseco were on the team in the late 1980s and early 1990s, said he did not believe McGwire used steroids.
"It's fabrication," La Russa told 60 Minutes correspondent Mike Wallace. "The product of our good play and strength of our players — Mark was a great example — what we saw was a lot of hard work. And hard work will produce strength gains and size gains."
McGwire repeatedly denied using illegal performance-enhancing drugs in television interviews, but he declined to answer under oath when he appeared before the House Government Reform Committee on March 17, 2005. As McGwire said in a tearful opening statement, "Asking me or any other player to answer questions about who took steroids in front of television cameras will not solve the problem. If a player answers 'No,' he simply will not be believed; if he answers 'Yes,' he risks public scorn and endless government investigations." During the hearing, McGwire repeatedly responded to questions regarding his own steroid use with the line, "I'm not here to talk about the past." McGwire also stated, "My lawyers have advised me that I cannot answer these questions without jeopardizing my friends, my family, and myself."  When asked if he was asserting his Fifth Amendment right not to incriminate himself, McGwire once again responded: "I'm not here to talk about the past. I'm here to be positive about this subject."
Defenders of McGwire and other accused players point to the fact that steroids were not banned by baseball prior to 2003 thus they argue were not in violation of baseball's rules.
McGwire married Stephanie Slemer, a former pharmaceutical sales representative from the St. Louis area, in Las Vegas on April 20, 2002. They reside in Irvine, California with their son, Max. McGwire also has a son, Matthew, by his first wife Kathy. Matthew was often a batboy for the Cardinals during summer vacations from school while McGwire was playing, and was present when his father hit his 62nd home run of the 1998 season.
He also created the Mark McGwire Foundation for Children to support agencies that work with children who have been sexually and physically abused.
Mark McGwire's career totalsEdit
- Games played 1874
- At bats 6187
- Runs 1167
- Hits 1626
- Doubles 252
- Triples 6
- Home runs 583
- Runs batted in 1414
- Walks 1317
- Strikeouts 1596
- Stolen bases 12
- Caught stealing 8
- On base percentage .394
- Slugging percentage .588
- Batting average .263
- Baseball-Reference.com - Major league career statistics
- The Sporting News' Baseball's 25 Greatest Moments: 62 and Beyond
- Kawakami: Silent McGwire can say bye to Hall
|Single season home run record holder|
|American League Rookie of the Year|
Cal Ripken, Jr.
|Home Run Derby Champion|
|Two or more 3-home run games in a season|
|Associated Press Male Athlete of the Year|
|Lou Gehrig Memorial Award|
|Major League Baseball | MLB All-Century Team|
Nolan Ryan | Sandy Koufax | Cy Young | Roger Clemens | Bob Gibson | Walter Johnson | Warren Spahn | Christy Mathewson | Lefty Grove