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Roger Clemens
Roger Clemens
Clemens playing for the Sugarland Skeeters
Sugar Land Skeeters
Born August 4, 1962 (1962-08-04) (age 61)
Dayton, Ohio
Bats Right Throws Right
MLB debut
May 15, 1984 for the Boston Red Sox
Last MLB appearance
September 16, 2007 for the New York Yankees
Career information
College: Texas
MLB Draft: 1983 / Round: 1 / Pick: 19th
Selected by the Boston Red Sox
Career highlights and awards
  • 11× All-Star selection (1986, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1997, 1998, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005)
  • 2× World Series champion (1999, 2000)
  • 6× AL Cy Young Award winner (1986, 1987, 1991, 1997, 1998, 2001)
  • 2004 NL Cy Young Award
  • 1986 AL MVP
  • 1986 MLB All-Star Game MVP
  • 5× AL TSN Pitcher of the Year (1986, 1991, 1997, 1998, 2001)
  • Major League Baseball All-Century Team
MLB Profile at

William Roger Clemens (born August 4, 1962 in Dayton, Ohio), nicknamed "The Rocket", is an American Independent baseball Pitcher who currently plays for the Sugar Land Skeeters Atlantic League of Professional Baseball. Clemens was one of the preeminent Major League baseball pitchers whos widely considered to be one of the greatest pitchers of all time[1]. He has won seven Cy Young Awards — two more than any other pitcher. He threw and batted right-handed. He completed his career with a 6-6 won-lost record in 17 games for the New York Yankees in 2007 (0-1 in the ALDS) after pitching the previous 3 seasons for the Houston Astros. He won 354 major league games, 8th on the all-time list.

Clemens made his debut with the Boston Red Sox, where he played for 13 seasons, after which then-Red Sox General Manager Dan Duquette famously pronounced the pitcher to be in "the twilight of his career." Clemens then signed with the Toronto Blue Jays. In two seasons with the Blue Jays, he made a comeback as he won the pitching triple crown (leading the league in wins, ERA, and strikeouts) and the Cy Young award each year. He was traded to the New York Yankees for the 1999 season, where he would have his first World Series success. He won his 300th game in 2003, a rare accomplishment for modern pitchers, and is one of just four pitchers to surpass 4,000 strikeouts. He is currently second on the all-time list behind only Nolan Ryan. He has pitched since 2004 for the Houston Astros, where he has remained a top tier pitcher.


Clemens' parents separated when he was an infant. His mother soon remarried Woody Booher, whom Clemens still considers his father. Booher died when Clemens was nine years old, and Clemens has been quoted from time to time that the only time he ever felt jealous of other players is when he saw them in the clubhouse with their fathers.[2] After living in Dayton, Ohio until 1977, Clemens spent his high school years in Texas. At Spring Woods High School in Houston, Texas, Clemens starred in football, basketball, and baseball.[2] He was scouted by the Philadelphia Phillies and Minnesota Twins during his senior year, but opted instead to go to college.

He began his college career pitching for San Jacinto College North in 1981, where he was 9-2. The New York Mets selected Clemens in the 12th round of the 1981 draft, but he did not sign. He then attended the University of Texas, compiling a 25-7 record in two All-American seasons, and was on the mound when the Longhorns won the 1983 College World Series. He became the first player to have his baseball uniform number retired at the University of Texas.[3] In 2004, the Rotary Smith Award, given to America's best college baseball player, was changed to the Roger Clemens Award, honoring the best pitcher. [4] [5]

Professional career[]

Boston Red Sox (1984-1996)[]

Clemens was drafted 19th overall by the Boston Red Sox in 1983 and quickly rose through the minor league system, making his major league debut on May 15, 1984. In 1986 his 24 wins helped guide the Sox to the World Series and earned Clemens the American League Most Valuable Player award for the regular season. He also won the first of his seven Cy Young Awards.

Hall of Fame slugger Hank Aaron angered the hurler by saying that pitchers should not be eligible for the MVP. "I wish he were still playing," Clemens responded. "I'd probably crack his head open to show him how valuable I was."[2] Clemens remains the only starting pitcher since Vida Blue in 1971 to win a league MVP award.

On April 29, 1986, Clemens became the first pitcher in history to strike out 20 batters in a nine-inning major league game, striking out 20 Seattle Mariners at Fenway Park. Only Kerry Wood and Randy Johnson have matched the total. (Johnson's 20-strikeout performance was originally catalogued separately by MLB because it occurred in the first nine innings of an extra-inning game, but has since been accepted. Tom Cheney holds the record for any game: 21 strikeouts in 16 innings.)

Clemens accomplished the 20-strikeout feat twice, the only player ever to do so. The performance came more than ten years later, on September 18, 1996 against the Detroit Tigers at Tiger Stadium. Clemens' second 20-K day occurred in his second-to-last game as a member of the Boston Red Sox. In each of his 20-strikeout games, he walked no one.

Clemens recorded 192 wins for the Red Sox, tied with Cy Young for the franchise record. No Red Sox player has worn his #21 since Clemens left the team in 1996.

Toronto Blue Jays (1997-1998)[]

Notoriously, Red Sox general manager Dan Duquette said Clemens was in the "twilight of his career" following four consecutive seasons, 1993-96, in which the pitcher was a mediocre 40-39 with few of the eye-popping statistics that had become his norm. The Red Sox opted not to re-sign him following the 1996 season. However, the full quote from which "twilight" is excerpted was not entirely negative, and also referred to Red Sox management's stated hopes that Clemens would spend his entire career with Boston.

Clemens signed with the Toronto Blue Jays after the 1996 season, and won the Cy Young Award in both his seasons with the Blue Jays, also winning the pitching Triple Crown twice. Some consider Clemens' tenure with the Blue Jays as his best individual seasons of his career, despite the lackluster records the Blue Jays had as a team.

In Clemens' first start in Fenway Park as a member of the Blue Jays (July 12, 1997) he pitched an inspired game, giving up only 4 hits and 1 run in 8 innings. 16 of his 24 outs were strikeouts, and every batter who faced him struck out at least once.[6]

The emphasis on the 1996 "twilight" quote took on a life of its own following Clemens' post-Boston successes, and Duquette was vilified for letting the star pitcher go.[7] As of the end of the 2006 season, Clemens' record since he left Boston is 156-67.[2]

New York Yankees (1999-2003)[]

Clemens was traded to the New York Yankees before the 1999 season for David Wells, Homer Bush and Graeme Lloyd. In 1999 and 2000, he won World Series titles with the Yankees. Since his longtime uniform number #21 was in use by teammate Paul O'Neill, Clemens intitally wore #12, before switching mid-season to #22.

Clemens' 2000 season was punctuated by a pair of notorious moments involving New York Mets catcher Mike Piazza. During a July 8, 2000 game between the Mets and the Yankees, Clemens hit Piazza squarely in the head with a pitch. Piazza had previously enjoyed great success as a hitter against Clemens (including a grand slam against Clemens one month earlier), which was widely seen as Clemens' motivation. The incident and its aftermath received intense media coverage. Piazza bitterly criticized Clemens, while the Mets were assailed for not "protecting" their star catcher (retaliating by hitting an important Yankee batter). And when both the Yankees and the Mets reached that year's World Series, there was great anticipation regarding the two men's first confrontation since the beaning.

In Piazza's first at-bat of Game 2, his bat shattered, sending a large piece of the broken bat shard flying in Clemens' direction. Clemens picked it up and threw the broken bat down toward the first base line, missing Piazza but clearing the benches of both teams. Clemens later claimed that he was "fielding" the broken bat, having mistaken it for the baseball. His explanation was widely ridiculed[8], in part because pitchers fielding baseballs hit in fair territory do not typically throw them towards the home plate side of their dugout. Mets pitcher Al Leiter said, "If he felt that way, shouldn't he have thrown it to Tino (Yankee first baseman Tino Martinez)?"

During the subsequent faceoff, both Clemens and Piazza appeared hesitant to confront one another. Dan Shaughnessy of the Boston Globe compared the situation to two schoolyard bullies, afraid to fight, but suddenly forced to. Clemens was not ejected from the game, although he would later be fined $50,000. Following the bizarre incident, he proceeded to shut down the Mets with 8 innings of 2-hit, no-walk, 9-strikeout pitching.

In his previous start, in Game 4 of the 2000 ALCS against the Seattle Mariners, Clemens threw a one-hit shutout while striking out 15. This contest was also marked by gamesmanship, as Clemens knocked down the Mariners' star hitter Alex Rodriguez twice during his first at-bat. (Rodríguez would eventually walk, the only baserunner allowed by Clemens through the game's first six innings.)

In 2001, Roger Clemens became the first pitcher in history to start a season 20-1. He finished at 20-3 and won his sixth Cy Young Award.

On June 15, 2002, Clemens made his first start in Shea Stadium since the two incidents with Mike Piazza in 2000. With Clemens batting against the Mets for the first time, the game represented the Mets' first risk-free chance to "get even" with Clemens for his nearly two-year-old beanball. The speculation was that Clemens was certain to be plunked; the reality was more ambivalent. Mets starter Shawn Estes threw a pitch behind Clemens' back, failing to satisfy the crowd and drawing an umpire's warning (thus preventing Estes from making another HBP attempt). However, the Mets scored four runs off Clemens, including home runs by the two Met principals Estes and Piazza, and handed Clemens the loss.

Early in 2003, Clemens announced his retirement, effective at the end of that season. On June 13, 2003, pitching against the St. Louis Cardinals in Yankee Stadium, Clemens recorded his 300th career win and 4,000th career strikeout, the only player in history to record both milestones in the same game. The 300th win came on his fourth try; the Yankee bullpen had blown his chance of a win in his previous two attempts. He became the 21st pitcher ever to record 300 wins and the third ever to record 4,000 strikeouts, joining Nolan Ryan (5,714) and Steve Carlton (4,136). His career record upon reaching the milestones was 300-155; his record at the end of the season was 310-160 with 4,099 strikeouts.

The end of Clemens' 2003 season became a series of public farewells in which the great righthander was met with appreciative cheering. His last games in each AL park were given extra attention, particularly his final regular season appearance in Fenway Park (a spectacle which was repeated when the Yankees ended up playing the Red Sox in that year's ALCS and Clemens got a second "final start" in his original stadium). Though wearing the uniform of the hated arch rival, the Fenway Faithful gave him a standing ovation as he left the field. Clemens was permitted to manage the Yankees' last game of the regular season. Clemens made one start in the World Series against the Florida Marlins; when he left trailing 3-1 after seven innings, even the Marlins left their dugout to give him a standing ovation.

Houston Astros (2004-2006)[]

He chose to un-retire, signing a one-year deal with his adopted hometown Houston Astros on January 12, 2004, joining close friend and former Yankees teammate Andy Pettitte. On May 5 2004, Clemens recorded his 4,137th career strikeout to place him second on the all-time list behind Nolan Ryan. He finished the season with 4,317 strikeouts and an 18-4 record, giving him a career record of 328-164. After the season, he won his seventh Cy Young Award, extending his record number of awards. He became the oldest player ever to win this award, at age 42. This also made him the fourth pitcher to win the award in both leagues, after Gaylord Perry, Pedro Martínez, and Randy Johnson. In Houston, Clemens wore #22, his number with the Yankees, partially because Pettitte chose #21, in Clemens' honor.

Clemens again decided to put off retirement before the 2005 season after the Houston Astros offered salary arbitration. The Astros submitted an offer of $13.5 million and Clemens countered with a record $22 million demand. On January 21, 2005, both sides agreed on a one-year, $18,000,022 contract, thus avoiding arbitration. The deal gave Clemens the highest yearly salary earned by a pitcher in MLB history. It also made him the sixth highest paid player in baseball that year.

Clemens' 2005 season ended as one of the finest he had ever posted. His 1.87 ERA was the lowest in the major leagues, the lowest of his 22-season career, and the lowest by any National Leaguer since pitching great and contemporary rival Greg Maddux in 1995. He finished with a 13-8 record despite ranking near 30th in run support, with the Astros scoring an average of only about 3.5 runs per game in games in which he was the pitcher of record. The Astros were shut out nine times in Clemens' 32 starts, and failed to score in a tenth until after Clemens was out of the game. The Astros lost five Clemens starts by scores of 1-0, including three consecutively in April.


Clemens leaving the mound after an emotional performance on September 15, 2005. Clemens' mother Bess had died earlier the same day.

He has more career wins than any other right-handed pitcher of the live-ball era. On April 8, 2005, Clemens won his first start of the season against the Cincinnati Reds, which tied him with Steve Carlton for second in wins for live-ball pitchers, and first among pitchers whose career began after World War II. However, it took him a month to surpass Carlton, as he was victimized by horrendous run support in a string of five starts that produced one loss and four no-decisions. On May 9, he finally got his second win of the season against the Florida Marlins, giving him 330 for his career. Only left-hander Warren Spahn is ahead of Clemens in wins among live-ball pitchers. Passing Carlton also gave Clemens more wins than any pitcher alive. The only current pitcher with a reasonable chance of passing Clemens is Maddux, who now has 333 wins to Clemens' 348 and is nearly four years younger. On the morning of September the 15th Clemens' mother Bess died, Clemens took the mound later that night and pitched well to earn a win in front an energetic Houston crowd.[9]

In his final start of the 2005 season, Clemens got his 4,500th strikeout. On October 9, 2005, Clemens made his first relief appearance since 1984, entering as a pinch hitter in the 15th, then pitching three innings to help the Astros defeat the Atlanta Braves in the longest postseason game in MLB history. The game ran 18 innings, and Clemens was awarded the win.

After the NLCS victory, Clemens' 2005 season ended disappointingly, as he lasted only two innings in Game 1 of the 2005 World Series. The Astros went on to lose all four games of the franchise's first World Series. A hamstring pull had hampered Clemens' performance since at least September.

The Astros declined arbitration to Clemens on December 7, 2005, which prevented them from re-signing him before May 1, 2006. The Astros, Rangers, Red Sox, and Yankees expressed an interest in signing him, but Clemens implied that he was finally retiring after his Team USA was eliminated by Mexico in the second round from the 2006 World Baseball Classic on March 16, 2006.[1] However, there was no formal retirement announcement.

On May 31, 2006, following another extended period of speculation, it was announced that Roger Clemens was coming out of retirement for the third time to pitch for the Astros for the remainder of the 2006 season. Clemens signed a contract worth $22,000,022 (his uniform number is #22), which would have been the highest one-year deal in MLB history. But since Clemens did not play a full season, he received a prorated percentage of that: approximately $12.25 million. Clemens made his return on June 22, 2006 against the Minnesota Twins, losing to their rookie phenom, Francisco Liriano, 4-2. For the second year in a row, his win total did not match his performance, as he finished the season with a 7-6 record, a 2.30 ERA, and a 1.04 WHIP. However, Clemens averaged just under 6 innings in his starts and never pitched into the eighth.

Postseason performance[]

File:Roger Clemens 1986 World Series Television Graphic.JPG

Roger Clemens competing in Game 6 of the 1986 World Series.

In the 1986 ALCS, Clemens pitched poorly in the opening game, watched the Boston bullpen blow his 3-0 lead in the bottom of the ninth inning of Game Four, and then pitched a strong Game Seven to wrap up the series for Boston. The 1986 ALCS clincher was Clemens's first postseason career victory. He did not win his second until 13 years later.

After a bad start in Game 2 of the 1986 World Series, Clemens returned to the mound for Game 6, which would have clinched the World Series for the Boston Red Sox. Clemens left the game after 7 innings leading 3-2, but the Red Sox infamously went on to lose the game in the 10th inning, and subsequently, the championship. Clemens's departure was highly debated and remains a bone of contention among the participants. Red Sox manager John McNamara claimed Clemens took himself out due to a blister, though Clemens strongly denies that.[10]

Clemens's most explosive postseason failure came in the second inning of the final game of the 1990 ALCS against the Oakland Athletics, when he was ejected for arguing with an umpire, putting a dismal stamp on an A's sweep.[10] He was suspended for the first five games of the 1991 season and fined $10,000.[3] Clemens had two other playoff no-decisions, in 1988 and 1995, both occurring while Boston was being swept. These games did no favors for Clemens's reputation as the Red Sox ace between April and September. Clemens's overall postseason record with Boston was 1-2 with a 3.88 ERA, and 45 strikeouts and 19 walks in 56 innings.

After surrendering the New York Yankees' only loss in the 1999 playoffs in a much-hyped contest with Red Sox ace Pedro Martinez, Clemens began improving his postseason numbers. His 3-0 record in the World Series includes a must-win performance with New York down 2-0 in the 2001 series;[11] then, in Game 7, it was Clemens who matched Curt Schilling; his start (6 innings, 1 run, 10 strikeouts) was forgotten in the wake of the Diamondbacks' famous ninth-inning comeback. In 2000, after losing two division series games to Oakland, Clemens pitched his most spectacular game as a Yankee in the ALCS against the Seattle Mariners: a complete game one-hitter with 15 strikeouts. Clemens's overall postseason record with the Yankees was 7-4 with a 3.17 ERA, and 98 strikeouts and 35 walks in 102 innings.

For the Astros, Clemens was the losing pitcher in game 7 of the 2004 NLCS against the St. Louis Cardinals, allowing 4 runs in 6 innings of work. Clemens's 2005 postseason was marked by highs and lows. In Game 4 of the NLDS against the Atlanta Braves, he made a dramatic emergency relief appearance, entering as a pinch-hitter (the first pinch-hitting appearance of his career), then pitching the 16th through 18th innings and collecting the series-ending win. However, during the World Series, a hamstring pull ended Clemens's start after two innings, as his hometown team lost 5-3. It was Clemens's only World Series appearance for the Astros.[12] Clemens's overall postseason record with Houston is 4-2 with a 4.60 ERA, and 29 strikeouts and 15 walks in 41 innings. Through the end of 2006, Clemens's total postseason record is 12-8 in 33 starts, with an ERA more than half a run higher than his career average.


Clemens has been the focal point of several controversies. His reputation has always been that of a pitcher unafraid to throw close to batters. Clemens led his league in hit batsmen only once, in 1995, but he has been among the leaders in several other seasons. This tendency was more pronounced during his earlier career, and has since tapered off. Still, Clemens's reputation precedes him. After the 2000 ALCS game against the Mariners where he knocked down Alex Rodriguez and then argued with him, Mariners manager Lou Piniella called Clemens a "headhunter."[13] His beaning earlier that year of Mike Piazza, followed by the notorious broken-bat incident in the World Series, cemented Clemens's surly, unapologetic image in the minds of many detractors. Clemens was 12th all time in hit batsmen after the 2006 season,[14] though it has been pointed out that this is consistent with a long-time pitcher who uses the entire plate. Nevertheless, before his signing with the Astros, Clemens had long been accused of hitting batters because he had the luxury of being an American League pitcher who rarely went to bat himself.[15] In 2004-5, Clemens hit 9 batters in 426 innings, a notable reduction in his HBP rate. Clemens has been hit by a pitch twice in his career, in 2005 by Kip Wells and in 2006 by Juan Mateo.

Clemens has also attracted controversy over the years for his outspoken comments, such as his complaints about having to carry his own luggage through an airport and his criticism of Fenway Park for being a subpar facility.[16] On April 4, 2006, Clemens made a racially insensitive remark when asked about the devotion of Japanese and South Korean fans during the World Baseball Classic: "None of the dry cleaners were open, they were all at the game, Japan and Korea."[17] Toward the beginning of his career, his postseason failures with the Red Sox led to him being branded in some quarters as an October "choke artist"; toward the end, his annual on-and-off "retirements" have revived a reputation for diva-ish behavior.

Other media[]

Clemens has appeared as himself in several movies and television episodes. Perhaps best known was his appearance in the season three episode of The Simpsons ("Homer at the Bat") where he is hypnotized into thinking he is a chicken. Clemens has also made guest appearances as himself on the TV shows Hope and Faith, Spin City, Arli$$, Saturday Night Live as well as in the movies Kingpin and Anger Management [18].

He appeared in the 1994 movie Cobb as an unidentified pitcher for the Philadelphia A's.[19]. In 2003, he was part of an advertising campaign for Armour hot dogs with MLB players Ken Griffey Jr., Derek Jeter, and Sammy Sosa. Since 2005, Clemens has also appeared in many commercials for Texas-based supermarket chain H-E-B.

He released an early autobiography, Rocket Man: The Roger Clemens Story (ISBN 0-14-010949-8), written with Peter Gammons, in 1988 [20].

Awards and recognition[]

While he has two championship rings with the 1999-2000 Yankees, Clemens has also been on the losing end of four World Series (1986 Red Sox, 2001 and 2003 Yankees, and 2005 Astros) which is tied with Tom Glavine and John Smoltz (who were both on the Braves when they lost the '91, '92, '96 and '99 World Series) for most among active players.

In 1999, while many of his performances and milestones were yet to come, he ranked number 53 on The Sporting News' list of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players, and was elected by the fans to the Major League Baseball All-Century Team. In 2005, the updated Sporting News list moved Clemens up to #15.

By the end of the 2005 season, Clemens had won seven Cy Young Awards (he won the AL award in 1986, 1987, 1991, 1997, 1998 and 2001 and the National League award in 2004), an MVP and two pitching triple crowns. With his 2004 win, he joined Gaylord Perry, Randy Johnson and Pedro Martinez as the only pitcher to win it in both leagues and became the oldest pitcher to ever win the Cy Young. He has also won The Sporting News Pitcher of the Year Award five times, was named an All-Star 11 times, and won the All-Star MVP in 1986.

In October 2006, Clemens was named to Sports Illustrated's "all-time" team.


Clemens married Debra Godfrey on November 24, 1984. They have four sons: Koby, Kory, Kacy, and Kody. ("K" is a baseball scorer's notation for "strikeout.") Koby was drafted by the Astros as a third baseman and signed on July 14 2005, at the age of eighteen.

Debra once left a Red Sox game, when Clemens pitched for another team, in tears from the heckling she received. She claimed that the bad attitudes of Boston fans was the reason they never won the World Series. This is documented in an updated later edition to Dan Shaughnessy's best-selling book, Curse of the Bambino.

Debra posed in a bikini with her husband for a Sports Illustrated pictorial regarding athletes and their wives. This appeared in the annual Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Edition for 2003. Clemens was completely clothed, though his uniform jersey was open. [21]

On February 27, 2006, to train for the World Baseball Classic, Roger pitched an exhibition game between the Astros and his son's minor league team. In his first at-bat, Koby hit a home run off his father. Then in his next at-bat, Roger threw an inside pitch that almost hit Koby. Koby laughed afterwards in an interview of the game about the incident.

Physical conditioning[]

Clemens has not remained physically fit during his long career, and in the early 1990's showed noticeable weight gain. However, following his departure from the Red Sox, he noticeably slimmed down. Some Clemens fans point to this fact as proof that Clemens re-dedicated himself to conditioning after being embarassed by the Red Sox; others, notably Bill Simmons, have pointed out that Clemens's re-emergence with the Blue Jays/Yankees as a dominant pitcher remarkably coincides with the beginnings of the Steroid Era in baseball, thus insinuating (without proof) that Clemens abused illegal substances to become dominant again.

He still consistently throws with speeds in the low- to mid-90s.

Grimsley performance-enhancing drug allegations[]

On May 31, 2006, an affidavit was filed to raid the house of former pitcher and teammate of Clemens, Jason Grimsley. Grimsley had recently been suspended for admitting use of performance-enhancing drugs and had subsequently retired. When the affidavit was made public, it included several blacked-out names causing rampant speculation. On October 1, 2006, the Los Angeles Times, claiming an anonymous authorized source, reported that Clemens was one of the names.[22] However, on October 3, 2006, the Washington Post reported that San Francisco United States attorney Kevin Ryan said that the Los Angeles Times report contained "significant inaccuracies."[23] All five players named (Clemens, Pettitte, Miguel Tejada, Jay Gibbons, and Brian Roberts) denounced the story, with Clemens calling it "dangerous and malicious and reckless."[23]


  • In 2004, became the third pitcher to start the All-Star Game for both leagues, after having started in 1986 and 2001 for the American League. Vida Blue and Randy Johnson had previously done this.
  • Before switching to #22, Clemens started his Yankee career wearing #12, and started his career with the Red Sox wearing #21.
  • Singled in his first regular season major league at-bat, against Seattle's Norm Charlton on May 23 1996. The opportunity was a rare one because it occurred at Fenway Park, where the DH rule is used. Clemens got a chance to hit because José Canseco, Boston's starting DH, moved to the outfield in the middle of the game. This put the pitcher's spot in the lineup. Clemens previously had four at-bats in the 1986 World Series going 0-for-4.
  • On June 21, 1989, he gave up Sammy Sosa's first career home run. [2]
  • It is still unclear if Clemens will return for the 2007 season.


  1. Gammons, Peter, "Ample living proof of Clemens' greatness",, May 1, 2006
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Story, Mark, "22 Things You Should Know About 'Rocket' ", Lexington Herald-Leader, June 6, 2006.
  3. 3.0 3.1
  6. Retrosheet complete box score
  7. Doyle, Paul (1999-03-08). Losing Momentum - Boston Red Sox. The Sporting News. Retrieved on 2006-09-15.
  8. Stark, Jayson, "Clemens' bat toss adds confusion to Series",, October 23, 2000.
  9., Clemens wins one for his late mother, accessed January 27, 2007
  10. 10.0 10.1 Nocera, Joseph, "Roger Clemens, Choke Artist",, October 10, 2000.
  11. Buscema, Dave, "Rocket's long, magic journey", Times Herald-Record (Middletown, New York), October 23, 2003.
  12. Associated Press, "Crede keys Chicago win with bat, glove",, October 22, 2005
  17. "Anna Benson withdraws divorce papers", Philadelphia Daily News, April 5, 2006.
  22. Pugmire, Lance (2006-10-01). Clemens Is Named in Drug Affidavit. Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2006-10-03. Retrieved on 2006-10-01.
  23. 23.0 23.1 "U.S. Attorney Says Report Alleging Drug Use Contains 'Inaccuracies'", Washington Post, 2006-10-03, p. E02. Retrieved on 2006-10-04.

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